Services & Products

Carbon Coated Mineral (CCM) 

The concept of carbon coated minerals was originally developed by Professor Stephen Joseph. The concept arose from the characterisation of the very fertile Amazonian Dark Earths that was being undertaken by the University of New South Wales and Cornell University. They found that the dark earth particles contained a large amount of carbon (now referred to as biochar) surrounded by minerals that were bound together by organic compounds. Research, development and testing of these organo-mineral compounds (which we call carbon coated minerals (CCM)) has been undertaken by a number of groups throughout the world.

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CCM for animals

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CCM based fertilizer